Do You Understand 3G Technology?

Do you get confused when you hear things like “2G Technology”, “3G Technology” “Smart Phones” and so on? Well, this article is written to explain in simple language just what 3G Technology really means. It stands for “Third Generation Technology.”

Technology at its simplest just means the total knowledge and skills in any human society or group. Primitive technologies were concerned with skills of hunting, making stone tools and weaponry. Then came the Iron Age, the mechanical technologies of past centuries, bringing us to the electronic technologies of the current period in which we now live.

During the past half century the whole world has seen the rise of electronic communications from Morse Code, telegraph, the telephone, that have literally changed our whole way of communicating.

2G Technology is short for Second Generation Technology, primarily concerned with mobile or cellphone systems. Most simple phones, especially those used by young children and the elderly with no frills use 2G Technology.

3G Technology, on the other hand, is a further development including much more than just phone calls. Third Generation Technology phones are much more concerned with downloading information such as music, videos, and taking digital photographs and movie presentations and forwarding them onto others. Receiving and sending faxes and receiving and sending emails are also part of the new 3G Technology. Some cell phones are almost like miniature laptop computers, enabling you to latch onto the World Wide Web. Such phones are known as “Smart Phones” and are among the most used cell phones by professional, business and sophisticated Internet users.

You can see why cellphones using 3G Technology are so useful. They enable you to keep records, email messages, receive instructions, consult your diary, check inventories, watch movies or television programmes almost (but not quite) anywhere in the world. They are quite fast and are helped considerably by satellite tracking radio systems. There are many thousands of these satellites currently circulating the Globe. On top of this, some 3g phones have systems such as GPS, Gyroscopes and Accelerometers.

With 3G Technology, your cellphone or mobile phone” will help you keep in contact with friends, send them photos and messages. While those of you needing to keep in touch with business colleagues will find the developing strengths of 3G Technology vital in your work.

Whether you want a cellphone for pleasure, business or keeping in touch with friends, you will find the new 3G Technology here to assist you in ways unimaginable until now.

Geoffrey Bennett

What Medical Technology Marketing Professionals Need to Know About Product Reliability

While hospitals provide healthcare services to the public, they are also in the business of making profits, like any other businesses. Naturally, they want the cost of operating medical technology to be as low as possible, especially when it involves expensive technology. When equipment malfunctions, it means downtime and the inability to treat or diagnose patients while waiting for repairs to be complete. This is frustrating to customers and the manufacturer. Frequent breakdowns result in a high number of complaints, high cost of complaints investigation and product repair, a loss of good will, and even product recall or cancellation.

So, what can a manufacturer do to ensure the reliable performance of their medical devices and, hence, customer satisfaction? First, the medical device has to be designed and manufactured with a high sense of reliability in mind, with as few failures as possible over the life span of the product. Ideal reliability would be that a product never fails and lasts forever, which is impossible, of course. Therefore, manufacturers must find that “happy medium,” where the failure rate over time is tolerable.

Determining what is tolerable and assuring it is the purpose of reliability science. The definition of reliability is the probability of a product performing, without failure, a specified function under given conditions for a given period of time. A widely used metric of reliability is Mean Time Between Failures or MTBF, which is the average time between successive failures of a repairable product. The higher the MTBF, the higher the reliability of the product. A product that has an MTBF in years has a very high reliability. If a medical device has an MTBF of 15 years, the user will have little downtime, and will likely be quite pleased with the product. The result will be repeat business and a good reputation for the company.

Achieving an MTBF of 15 years, however, requires a dedicated effort by a manufacturer. To start the journey, the reliability goal has to be spelled out in the product’s specifications as one of the deliverables, and reliability validation testing must be performed to demonstrate that the reliability goal has been accomplished before a product launches.

Accomplishing high product reliability is a complex and difficult task. It requires the commitment of the company’s management and its employees. Product development policies and procedures have to be geared towards customer satisfaction through robust product design and manufacturing. The best approach to ensuring high reliability would be through the proactive reliability growth program, where the reliability is designed in from the very beginning of the product development. There are many tools that can accomplish this, such as:

o Reliability assurance plan
o Design reviews
o Six-sigma approach to design and manufacturing
o Management of suppliers
o Failure Reporting and Corrective Action System (FRACAS)
o Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA)
o Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
o Environmental Stress Screening (ESS)
o Reliability growth testing
o Hazard analysis
o Reliability acceptance testing

If these tools are used, reliable products will be the result, thereby making a difference to customers and manufacturers. In fact, marketing representatives on product development teams should emphasize the importance of high reliability to the success of the product and make sure that the reliability goal is incorporated in a product’s specifications and that it has been accomplished and validated before the product’s launch. A good move would be to hire a Reliability Engineer to oversee the reliability assurance program, especially for highly complex, expensive medical devices. If a high reliability goal is accomplished, this can be a strong selling point to include in marketing communication, including white papers.

Green Technologies In A Nutshell

Technology refers to the utilization of knowledge for purposes that are more practical. Green technology is a field that comprises a budding group of methods as well as materials, from the methods that are used for generating energy to cleaning products that are not toxic.

There are great expectations of this field bringing innovations and also changes to our daily lives just as it has been the case with information technology over the last two decades. As of right now, it is not easy to predict what green technologies may eventually encompass.

Some of the goals that have enabled developments in the green technology field, which happens to be growing very fast, include the following:

1. The needs of the society will be met in ways that can be still utilized in future without causing damage to the natural resources or depleting them. What this implies is that green technology will bring about sustainability by allowing the current needs to be met without exhausting the resources for the coming generations.

2. Products that can be fully reused or reclaimed will be created, and as result putting an end to the cradle to grave cycle of the manufactured products.

3. Patterns of production as well as consumption will be changed, and that will reduce wastes as well as pollution.

4. There will be alternatives to technologies that cause adverse effect to the health of people and damage the environment.

5. Economic activities will be centered on products and technologies that are beneficial to the environment, which will in turn lead to creation of new careers that are not harmful to the planet.

The following are some of the subject areas in the field of green technology:

1. Energy
Energy happens to be one of the most urgent issues in green technology. It encompasses the creation of new ways of generating energy as well as energy efficiency, and the means by which alternative fuels can be developed.

2. Green building
This is an area that focuses on the usage of environment friendly materials for building houses and also ensures that the location of the building does not harm the environment.

3. Doing purchases that are environmentally preferred
The government innovation usually involves looking for those products that have been using contents and methods that are harmless to the environment. The government mandates that such products should be the preferred ones for government purchasing.

4. Green chemistry
Green chemistry refers to the creation, design as well as application of chemical products that are harmless to the environment, and also processes that are meant to decrease or get rid of the use as well as generation of substances that are hazardous.

5. Sewage treatment
When sewage is treated, it makes water in which it is released less polluted, and therefore allowing the water to be used affluently in a productive manner.

There are careers that are known to be green careers.

Some of them include Energy Auditor, Green Cleaner, Program Manager, Client Services Representative, just to mention a few. Basically, if your line of work falls in the green technology field or it is friendly to the environment, it qualifies to be a green career.